The Viper

The Medieval Bestiary
The Viper Miniature. Manuscript of the LPL.Lat.Q.V. Ill, N 1, f. 49 v.

The Viper

Church in Garchizy. XII century
The Viper Capital. Church in Garchizy. XII century

Asp

Asp /aspis/ 10.1X7.2 cm The borrowings from the text by Isidore /XII.IV.12/ are joined together in the bestiary with the story of the asp from the “Physiologus”, a development of what had been written about the asp in the chapter about the weasel, which later in the Latin versions grew into a separate chapter. In…

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The Asp

Bestiary of the Bodleian Library. Oxford.
The Asp. Miniature. Bestiary of the Bodleian Library. Oxford. N 764 f.96

The Asp

Miniature. Manuscript
The Asp. Miniature. Manuscript of the LPL.Lat.Q.V. Ш, N 1, f. 42

Тhe Asp

Museum in Nevers
Тhe Asp. Relief. XII century. Museum in Nevers

Hydra

Hydra /hydrus/ 10X6.1 cm The text repeats the description by Isidor /XII.IV. 22—23/ and is close to the text of ff.l6v. and 17. The miniature pictures a crocodile swallowing a hydra, but the crocodile on the miniature largely differs from the fantastic bristled-up animal drawn on ff.75 and 16 v. where it is shown lying…

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The Hydra

Church in Moissac. XII century
The Hydra Relief. Church in Moissac. XII century

The Lizard

The Lizard Relief. Church in Saint-Denis. XII century Lizard /lacerta/ medallion 5.4 cm in diameter The text, which was borrowed from Isidor /XII. IV.34—35/, enumerates several kinds of lizards. Listed among them are salamandras, tritons and frogs. The early Latin versions of the “Physiologus” included the tale about the sunny lizard /saura/ in the chapter…

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Salamandra

Salamandra /salamandra/ height 7.7 cm, width at the bottom 9.1 cm, width at the top 7.6 cm The enigmatic salamandra, which does not burn in fire, is the most poisonous of all creatures. Its poison penetrates into growing fruits and contaminates water. Upon eating a fruit from a tree poisoned by the salamandra a man…

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The Salamandra

Miniature. Bestiary of the Bodleian Library. Oxford.
The Salamandra Miniature. Bestiary of the Bodleian Library. Oxford. N 764, f. 55

The Salamandra

Manuscript
The Salamandra Manuscript of the LPL.Lat.Q.V. Ill, N 1, f. 53 v.

The Scitalis

Church portal in Chadenac. XII century
The Scitalis Relief. Church portal in Chadenac. XII century

Scitalis

Scitalis /scitalis/ 10.1 X5.2 cm The text of the bestiary and that of Pseudo-Hugh /11.43/ is a borrowing from Isidor /XII.IV.19/ who qouted Lukan /Pharsalia, IX, 717/ and repeated Solinus /27.29/. The scitalis is distinguished for the beauty of its spotty skin. It never follows its prey but waits until the prey, charmed by its…

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Amphisbaena

Amphisbaena /amphisbaena, amphivena/ medallion 5.7 cm in diameter The text is taken from Isidor /XII.IV.20/ who quoted Lucan /Pharsalia, IX.719/ and used the description by Pliny /VIII.23.35/. The amphisbaena has two heads: one where it belongs and the other in the tail-end. This enbles it to move in any direction without turning back. Its eyes…

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The Amphisbaena.

 Church Saint-Hilaire, Melle. XII century
The Amphisbaena Capital. Church Saint-Hilaire, Melle. XII century

Boa

The Medieval Bestiary
Boa /boa/ 10.1 X2 cm
The text about the boa was taken from Isidor /XII. IV.28/ drawing on the information provided by Pliny /VIII.14.I4/. The same text is adhered to by Pseudo-Hugh /111.45/ and Albert the Great /XXV. 11.14/. The boa habitates in Italy, it follows herds of cattle and feeds on cow milk.

Jaculus

The Medieval Bestiary
Jaculus /jaculus/ 10X1.8 cm
The text about the jaculus, the snake jumping down from a tree on animals passing by, was taken from Isidor /XII.IV.29/ who used the writings by Pliny /VIII.23.35/ and Aelian /VI.18/ and quoted Lucan /Pharsalia, 18.720/. It is repeated by Pseudo-Hugh /111.46/ and Albert the Great /XXV.II.32/.

Snake siren

Snake siren /sirena serpens/ 10×3 cm The text about the syren, the winged Arabian snake moving faster than a horse, was borrowed from Isidore /XII.IV.29/. Its venom is so strong that a man dies before he feels pain. The same story is repeated by Pseudo-Hugh /III.47/ and Albert the Great /XXV.II.51/. The painter of all…

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The Jaculus Relief

Column of cloister in Elne. XII century
The Jaculus Relief. Column of cloister in Elne. XII century

Hypnale

Hypnale /hypnalis/ 10.3X3.7 cm The text is taken from Isidor /XII.IV.13—14/. This snake is in the same species with the dipsa. A person bit by the hypnale falls asleep and then dies. This was how Cleopatra died. The hypnal is mentioned by Pseudo-Hugh /11.30/, Albert the Great /XXV.II.33/ and Philippe de Thatin in the section…

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The Seps Relief.

The Seps Relief. XII century Paris. The Louvre.
 Paris. The Louvre.

Stellio /stellio/ 10X2.2 cm

The text about the stellio-triton is taken from Isidore /XII.IV.38/. Its skin is covered with star-like spots. Its appearance alone gets the scorpion stunned. Referring to Pliny and Avicenna, Albert the Great /XXV.II.48/ says that the antidote for the stellio’s poison is the meat of a scorpion.

Chkalov monument. Nizhniy Novgorod.

Nizhniy Novgorod.

Russian autumn

autumn

The Kremlin. Nizhniy Novgorod.

Nizhniy Novgorod.

View of the Kremlin

N Novgorod

Coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod

Coat Nizhny Novgorod

River view

Volga

Nizhniy Novgorod. The Kremlin

Nizhniy Novgorod

Chkalov monument

Chkalov

Valery Chkalov

Chkalov

Reflection of sky in water

Volga River

Russian Birch

Birch

The Village Well

Well

The End of Summer on the Volga River.

The End of Summer

Gulls on the river

Gull
Gulls on the river Volga.

The Wooden House

Wooden House

The Village Street

Village Street

Russian wooden house

wooden house

riverside

River

The Volga River

The Volga River is the longest river in Europe, about 2,300 miles (3,700 km). It originates at an elevation of only 740 feet (225 m) in the Valday Hills northwest of Moscow, connects with the Rybinsk Reservoir. The river heads east past Yaroslavl, Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan. From there it turns south past Samara and…

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The Volga is the largest river in Europe.

the largest river in  Europe

The largest river in Europe.

Mussa Jalill

POETRY OF TRUTH AND PASSION Jalil never kept a diary. “I don’t feel inclined to and I cannot and will not make myself keep one,” he once said. But when he left Kazan for the frontlines early in 1942, he felt an urge to entrust his feelings and thoughts to paper. The result, as he…

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The Alvdalen porphyry vase.

 The Summer Gardens

Saint Petersburg.   The  Summer Gardens The Alvdalen porphyry vase.  1839

The Summer Gardens The Rossi walk

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg.  The  Summer  Gardens The  Rossi  walk

The Summer Gardens The Neva walk

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg. The Summer Gardens The Neva walk

The Summer Gardens Main avenue

Saint Petersburg.

Saint Petersburg. The   Summer  Gardens Main  avenue

The Summer Gardens Sculptor: P. Baratta. “Peace and Abundance”. 1722

Saint Petersburg. The Summer Gardens

Saint Petersburg.  The Summer Gardens Sculptor: P.  Baratta. “Peace and Abundance”. 1722