Buildings of the Central State Historical Archives. Senate Square (in 1923-2008 – Decembrists Square).

This square, Senatskaya Ploshchad, was given the name of the Decembrists because on that memorable day, December 14, 1825, this square was the scene of the first open armed uprising of the revolutionary young noblemen, afterwards known as the Decembrists, who proclaimed the abolition of serfdom and autocracy. The architectural ensemble of the square is…

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Museum of the History of Saint Petersburg: Naberezhnaya Krasnovo Flota, 44 (44, Red Navy Embankment).

The exhibition of the museum is housed in an old mansion. It reflects the history of the city from the time of its foundation up to the present day. There is a special section called Socialist Saint Petersburg that contains some interesting documents and exhibits revealing the great socialist changes effected in Saint Petersburg during…

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Rostral Columns (lat. columna rostrata): located on the arrow Vasilevsky Island. Opposite the Stock Exchange

In 1806 two column-shaped lighthouses adorned with rostrums (sculptural replicas of ships’ prows) were built on the Spit of Vasilyevsky Island. The columns were designed by the architect Thomas de Thomon. The mighty figures, seated at the foot of the columns, personify Russia’s trade routes — the Neva, the Volkhov, the Volga and the Dnieper.…

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Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography; M. V. Lomonosov Museum of the Academy of Sciences of the Russia: Vasilyevsky Ostrov, Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya, 3.

Founded in 1714, the Museum of Natural History was transferred to this building in 1727. The building of the Kunstkamera, where the museum came to be housed, was erected in 1718— 1734 by the architects G. I. Mattarnovi, G. Kiaveri and M. G. Zemtsov. In the 1740’s the structure was remodelled under the supervision of…

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Central Naval Museum: 199034, St. Petersburg, Exchange Square Building 4, The museum is located on the Spit of Vasilevsky Island in the former Stock Exchange Nearest metro station “Gostiny Dvor” (“Nevsky Prospect”), “Gorky”, “Sports”

The museum was founded in 1709 by Peter I’s edict ordering the formation of a Model-Kdmora (Model Chamber) in the building of the Admiralty. Nowadays its collections are housed in the former Fondovaya Birzha (Stock Exchange). The Exchange building is the centre of a majestic architectural ensemble on the Strelka (Spit) of Vasilyevsky Island, created…

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A. Pushkin Museum of Literature: Vasilyevsky Ostrov, Naberezhnaya Admirab Makarova 4, Metro station “Nevsky Prospect”, “Vasileostrovskaya”, “Sports”

The exhibition of the museum, which was founded in 1899, shows the development of Russian literature beginning with the most ancient masterpiece — Slovo o Polku fgoreve (The Lay of Igor’s Host). Special sections of the exhibition are devoted to the work of A. N. Radishchev, M. Y. Lermontov, N. V. Gogol, I. S. Turgenev,…

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Saint Petersburg State University: Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya, 7/9 (7/9, University Embankment).

The University was founded in 1819. It is one of the most important educational and scientific centres in our country. The building of the University, a fine specimen of 18th century architecture, was erected bv Domenico Trezzini in 1722— 1742 to house Peter I’s Twelve Colleges. The scientific schools headed by the mathematician P. L.…

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Academy of Arts (State Academic Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named Repin) 199034, St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya nab., 17

This Academy of the Three Noblest Arts (painting, sculpture and architecture) was founded in Petersburg in 1757. In 1764—1788 the splendid building, which has been preserved in its original state up to the present day, was constructed according to the design of the architects A. F. Kokorinov and J. B. Vallin-Delamothe. During the 200 years…

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G. V. Plekhanov Mining Institute: 199026, St. Petersburg, Vasilevsky Island, 21 Line, 2

This is the world’s oldest college of mining, founded in 1773. The building of the Institute is an outstanding example of early 19th century architecture. It is an inspired creation of the architect A. N. Voronikhin and the sculptors S. S. Pimenov and V. I. Demut-Malinovsky. In 1808 two sculpture groups — Heracles fighting Antaeus…

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S. M. Kirov Palace of Culture: Vasilyevsky Ostrov, Bolshoy Prospect VO 83. Nearest Metro Station:Vasileostrovskaya, Maritime

Every Saint Petersburger is well acquainted with the peculiar sky-line of the eight-storey tower of this huge building. This monumental edifice was built in 1937 according to the design of the architects N. A. Trotsky and S. N. Kazak. There are many spac.ous halls in the Palace: a theatre seating 1,300, a dancing-hall, a cinema…

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Peter and Paul Fortress: 197046 St. Petersburg, Peter and Paul Fortress, 3 Directions: Art.m. “Gorky”, “Sports”

A fortress, a gaol and a museum — these three words comprise the history of one of the most remarkable memorials of the struggle which the Russian people waged to regain their ancient lands along the Neva River. It is also a monument to the heroic life and struggle of several generations of Russian revolutionaries.…

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The State Museum of Russian Political History (State Museum of the Great October Socialist Revolution). st. Kuibyshev, 2 / 4,Metro Gorky.

The museum was founded in 1919. The newi exhibition was opened to the public during the festivities held in commemoration of the 40th, anniversary of the foundation of the RussianState. The extensive display (5,000 exhibits) presents authentic documents and memorial objects which, tell of the preparation and carrying out of the Great October Socialist Revolution.…

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Monument to the Destroyer Steregtishchy, Opening Date: 1911.05.10 , Kronverksky prospect, Metro station: Gorky

The monument to the destroyer Steregushchy (by the sculptor K. V. Izenberg) was erected in 1911 in the park near the former Kamennoostrov-sky Prospect. The memorial is dedicated to the heroic deed of two seamen of the destroyer Steregushchy during the Russo-Japanese War. Surrounded by the enemy warsh.ps, the Russian seamen preferred death to dishonorable…

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Baltic House (Lenin Komsomol Theatre): Petrogradskaya Storona (Petrograd District) St. Petersburg State teatrSankt Petersburg, Alexander Park, 4

The Baltic House (Lenin Komsomol Theatre) is one of the leading youth theatres in the Russia It was initialed in 1936. Three years later the theatre was provided with a new well-equipped building designed by the architects N. A. Miturich and V. P. Makashov. The repertoire of the theatre includes plays by contemporary Russian and…

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Saint Petersburg Planetarium: Petrogradskaya Storona (Petrograd District), Location: St. Petersburg, Alexander Park, 4. Directions: Metro stations:Gorky, Petrograd, Sports.

When the reconstruction of the so-called Iron Hall’ (the designers were the architect R. A. Breg-man and a group of engineers) was completed — a third storey and an observatory tower were added — on November 7, 1959 the Planetarium opened its doors. As to its architecture and technical equipment the Planetarium is one of…

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Zoological Gardens: Petrogradskaya Storona (Petrograd District), 1, Lenin Park.

Established in 1865, the Zoo has been greatly enlarged during the years of Russianpower; now it is a scientific and educational centre of great importance. In the Zoo there are over 200 species of animals and birds, among them hippopotamuses, elephants, lions, leopards, giraffes, several species of monkeys, white polar bears, brown and Himalayan bears.…

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Botanical Gardens and Botanical Museum of the Academy of Sciences of the Russia: Aptekarsky Ostrov (Apothecary’s Island), Dlitsa Professora Popova, 2 (2, Professor Popov Street).

Botanical Gardens and Botanical Museum of the Academy of Sciences of the Russia: Aptekarsky Ostrov (Apothecary’s Island), Dlitsa Professora Popova, 2 (2, Professor Popov Street). The Botanical Gardens are one of the leading Russian centres for acclimatizing plants and for testing and rearing valuable new crops. As early as 1714 the Gardens were founded by…

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First Saint Petersburg Medical Institute named after Academician I. P. Pavlov: Ulitsa Lva Tolstova (Lev Tolstoi Street), 6/8

Initiated in 1897, the first Russian Women’s Medical School became the foundation of the Institute. On the premises of the Institute a Petrograd city conference of the Bolshevist Party was convened on April 15—19, 1917; V. I. Lenin addressed the conference on two occasions. Beginning from the 24th of April, 1917, the sessions of the…

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Dynamo Stadium: Krestovsky Ostrov, Prospect Dynamo, 44 (Krestovsky Island; 44, Dynamo Avenue)

Dynamo Stadium: Krestovsky Ostrov, Prospect Dynamo, 44 (Krestovsky Island; 44, Dynamo Avenue) It is the third largest stadium in the city (with room for 20,000 spectators) and one of the numerous stadiums to be found within the sports compound built on Krestovsky Island during the Soviet years. The stadium was built in the 1930’s. It…

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Electrotechnical Institute named alter V. I. Ulydnov (Lenin): Petrogradskaya Storona, Ulitsa Professora Popova, 5 (Petrograd District; 5, Professor Popov Street).

This is the oldest institution of higher learning in the field of comprehensive electrical engineering. It was founded in 1886. At the end of 1905, V. I. Lenin visited the hostel of the Institute on several occasions. At the meetings held by the students’ Bolshevist circle V. I. Lenin talked on Marxist philosophy and current…

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Ensembles of New Dwelling Houses on Prospect Kdrla Mdrxa (Big Sampson Avenue) and on Prospect named after Engels.

The ten kilometre line of the Prospect Karla Marxa and the Prospect named after Engels runs towards the north, from the Pirogov Embankment of the Neva River, up to Poklonnaya Gord (Hill). These two main thoroughfares of the Vyfwrg District have changed beyond recognition during the years of Soviet power. Just a few brick factory…

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The Bestiary, now preserved at the Saint Petersburg Public Library

The Bestiary, now preserved at the Saint Petersburg Public Library named after Saltykow-Chshedrm (LatQ.v.V.I) The manuscript, now preserved at the Saint Petersburg Public Library named after Saltykow-Chshedrin and registered „Lat. Q.v.V.I.”, is one of the English bestiaries of the end of the twelfth century. It contains 91 sheets of stiff vellum (The foliotation of the…

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