It is widely believed that in a fit of rage and paranoia the tsar murdered his son. The incident instigated a succession crisis that plunged the country into prolonged chaos and civil war.

“But after Ivan refused and told him to get lost — several legends began to spring up,” Putin continued. “They began to label him `Ivan the Terrible’ — the super cruel person.”

Putin’s comments came during his explanation for why Russia’s history is regularly tarnished abroad.

“What concerns the distortion of our history? This has been a trend throughout the entirety of our history. Why? Because, as Alexander III wrote, ‘our vastness is feared by everyone.’”

Ivan, who ruled from 1530 to 1584 remains one of Russia’s most divisive rulers. Under his reign Russia transformed from a medieval state into a vast empire.